The Comorians inhabiting Grande Comore, Anjouan, and Moheli (86% of the population) share African and Arab origins. Islam is the dominant religion in all the main four islands, and Koranic schools for children reinforce its influence. Although Arab culture is firmly established throughout the archipelago, a small number of the citizens of Mayotte (the Mahorais) are Catholic and have been strongly influenced by French culture.
The most common language is Shikomoro, a mixed Swahili dialect. French and Arabic are also widely spoken. About 57% of the population is literate.
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Comoran(s).
Population (2007 Est.): 800,000. Mayotte (2010 est.)--189,000. Over 27% live in urban areas. Average density (1980 est) --182.5
Annual growth rate (2006 est.): 2.87%.
Ethnic groups: Antalote, Cafre, Makoa, Oimatsaha, Sakalava.
Religions: Sunni Muslim 98%, Roman Catholic 2%.
Languages: Shikomoro (a Swahili-Arabic blend), Arabic (official), French (official).
Education: Attendance--60% primary, 34% secondary. Literacy--56.5%.
Health: Life expectancy--62.33yrs. Infant mortality rate--72.85/1,000.
Work force (1996): 144,500. Agriculture--80%.